Find a suitable location for your electric fence energiser. For a mains unit this can be under an overhang or inside your basement or garage within easy reach of a 220v power source. It is better to site the energiser close to the power source and take the energy out to the fence rather than take a 220v extension out to the fence. The percentage power reduction that always occurs with a 220v extension is greater than taking the 6000v from the energiser out to the fence.
12v and 9v battery units should be sited away from and protected from traffic so that it is not damaged. Solar units MUST be well protected as they are very fragile. Install the electric fence controller, but do not plug it in yet. All energisers are supplied with suitable wiring diagrams and these may be followed for the individual models.
A ground rod that is suitable for your energiser and fence needs to be installed. 9v battery energisers require only a short rod (These are supplied with the product) and if your fence extends only 100m away from the energiser – then an earth rod 50cm long may be used. For energisers in excess of 1 joule then a rod of 1m is required and preferably more than one. Those energisers in excess of 3 Joules then 3 earth rods are required. If your fence extends beyond a 500m (dry climate) to 1000m (wet climate) diameter from the primary earth stake, you will need to install a second earth stake at this point and run a connecting wire back to the primary stake.
The rods will need to be buried in as deeply as possible preferably into continuously damp soil – under the eaves, near a garden tap or in a river bed. The grounding rod needs to be of copper or galvanized steel. It is recommended that you avoid using mild steel for grounding an electric fence, as it corrodes too readily when placed in soil. The Iron Oxide (Rust) that forms as a skin around the earth stake is a poor conductor of electricity so reducing the effectiveness of your earth system.
Run a High Voltage Cable from the Earth terminal (black) on the energiser to the grounding rod. Apply the grounding clamp to lock the wire to the rod, making sure that the clamp goes through the wire and the rod to create a firm connection.
Run a High Voltage Cable from the Live terminal (red) on the energiser to the fence and using a suitable clamp, connect the energiser to the fence.
Use your tester to test the system, Anything less than 6000v on a newly installed system then look to find where the fault is.